Dinorwic Quarries and Padarn Railway

Gauge: 1ft 10¾in (577mm) (Quarry) and 4ft (1.2m) (Padarn)

 

Collection Objects

Number Railway Object Type Description Image
TYWRM:DQ001 Dinorwic Quarries Railway notice cast iron sign marked 'WHISTLE' file DQ001.jpg
TYWRM:DQ002 Dinorwic Quarries Railway notice bi-lingual enamel trespass notice; white on blue; headed 'DINORWIC QUARRIES RAILWAY' file DQ002.jpg
TYWRM:DQ004 Dinorwic Quarries Railway nameplate locomotive nameplate; 'AMALTHAEA'; brass file DQ004.jpg
TYWRM:DQ005 Dinorwic Quarries Railway works plate builder's plate marked 'HUNSLET 410; 1886' file DQ005.jpg
TYWRM:DQ006 Dinorwic Quarries Railway nameplate locomotive nameplate 'VELINHELI'; brass file DQ006.jpg
TYWRM:DQ007 Dinorwic Quarries Railway works plate builder's plate marked 'HUNSLET 631; 1895'; brass file DQ007.jpg
TYWRM:DQ008 Dinorwic Quarries Railway wagon 4-wheeled host wagon; 4 ft. gauge; unsprung file DQ008.jpg
TYWRM:DQ009 Dinorwic Quarries Railway van 4-wheeled guards van; sentry box type file DQ009.jpg
TYWRM:DQ010 Dinorwic Quarries Railway nameplate locomotive nameplate 'IRISH MAIL'; brass file DQ010.jpg
TYWRM:DQ013.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail piece of bullhead rail from 4 ft. gauge track file TEMP009.jpg
TYWRM:DQ013.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail piece of bullhead rail from 4 ft. gauge track file DQ013-2.jpg
TYWRM:DQ014 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair two chairs for 3/4" bar rail file DQ014.jpg
TYWRM:DQ015 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rails two lengths of 3/4" bar rail file DQ015.jpg
TYWRM:DQ016.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway sleeper cast iron sleeper for bar rail file DQ016-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ016.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway sleeper cast iron sleeper for bar rail file DQ016-2.jpg
TYWRM:DQ018 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair six cast iron chairs from 4 ft. gauge track file DQ018.jpg
TYWRM:DQ020 Dinorwic Quarries Railway wagon three slate wagons; 1' 10 3/4" gauge file DQ020.jpg
TYWRM:DQ021.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway points facing points; 4 ft. gauge; with lock file DQ021.jpg
TYWRM:DQ021.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway points locking lever mechanism for facing points; 4 ft. gauge file DQ021-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ022 Dinorwic Quarries Railway locomotive locomotive 0-4-0ST Hunslet No.541 of 1891; 'ROUGH PUP'; 1' 10 3/4" gauge file DQ022.jpg
TYWRM:DQ023 Dinorwic Quarries Railway lamp oil lamp for placing through roof of carriage file DQ023.jpg
TYWRM:DQ025.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway lamp oil lamp with lamp iron sockets marked 'Sherwood Linley Ltd; 1923' file DQ025-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ025.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway lamp oil lamp with lamp iron sockets marked 'Sherwood Linley Ltd; 1923' file DQ025-2.jpg
TYWRM:DQ026 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge frog (fixed) file DQ026.jpg
TYWRM:DQ027 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge frog (moveable) file DQ027.jpg
TYWRM:DQ028 Dinorwic Quarries Railway patterns wooden foundry patterns : pair switch plates 2' gauge file DQ028.jpg
TYWRM:DQ029 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : point blade 2' gauge file DQ029.jpg
TYWRM:DQ030 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : incline trough rail file DQ030.jpg
TYWRM:DQ031 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : incline trough rail (2nd type) file DQ031.jpg
TYWRM:DQ032 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 'PRIVATE' board file DQ032.jpg
TYWRM:DQ033 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 'NO ROAD' board file DQ033.jpg
TYWRM:DQ034 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 'C5 INCLINE' board file DQ034.jpg
TYWRM:DQ035 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 'WHISTLE' board
TYWRM:DQ036 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 'SLOW' board
TYWRM:DQ037 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : eccentric straps (Jerry M) file DQ037.jpg
TYWRM:DQ038 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : half eccentric strap (Michael) file DQ038.jpg
TYWRM:DQ038.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : half eccentric strap (Michael) file DQ038-2.jpg
TYWRM:DQ039 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : half eccentric strap file DQ039.jpg
TYWRM:DQ040 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : eccentric strap file DQ040.jpg
TYWRM:DQ041 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : smoke box door handle file DQ041.jpg
TYWRM:DQ042 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : carriage door handle file DQ042.jpg
TYWRM:DQ043 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : steam valve file DQ043.jpg
TYWRM:DQ044 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : bearing brass file DQ044.jpg
TYWRM:DQ045 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : Padarn Rlwy side rod brass file DQ045.jpg
TYWRM:DQ046 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 8no assorted wagon bobbins file DQ046.jpg
TYWRM:DQ047 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge check rail chair file DQ047.jpg
TYWRM:DQ048 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge frog assy. chair file DQ048.jpg
TYWRM:DQ049 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge slide comb. chair file DQ049.jpg
TYWRM:DQ050 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge chair file DQ050.jpg
TYWRM:DQ051 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge check rail chair file DQ051.jpg
TYWRM:DQ052 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge chair (2nd type) file DQ052.jpg
TYWRM:DQ053 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 4' gauge chair (3rd type) file DQ053.jpg
TYWRM:DQ054 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge check rail chair file DQ054.jpg
TYWRM:DQ055 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge chair long pattern file DQ055.jpg
TYWRM:DQ056 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge chair right hand file DQ056.jpg
TYWRM:DQ057 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge chair left hand file DQ057.jpg
TYWRM:DQ058 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge slide rail chair file DQ058.jpg
TYWRM:DQ059 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : B/Hd and strip rail joint chair file DQ059.jpg
TYWRM:DQ060 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : strip rail chair (small) file DQ060.jpg
TYWRM:DQ061 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : strip rail chair (small) file DQ061.jpg
TYWRM:DQ062 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : strip rail chair (large) file DQ062.jpg
TYWRM:DQ063 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : horn plate file DQ063.jpg
TYWRM:DQ064 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : horn plate file DQ064.jpg
TYWRM:DQ065 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : horn plate file DQ065.jpg
TYWRM:DQ066 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge frog file DQ066.jpg
TYWRM:DQ067 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge frog file DQ067.jpg
TYWRM:DQ068 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ068.jpg
TYWRM:DQ069 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ069.jpg
TYWRM:DQ070 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ070.jpg
TYWRM:DQ071 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ071.jpg
TYWRM:DQ072 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ072.jpg
TYWRM:DQ073 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ073.jpg
TYWRM:DQ074 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : brake block file DQ074.jpg
TYWRM:DQ075 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : horn block file DQ075.jpg
TYWRM:DQ076 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 2' gauge 90 degree frog file DQ076.jpg
TYWRM:DQ077 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : 3no firebars file DQ077.jpg
TYWRM:DQ078 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate CACKLER file DQ078.jpg
TYWRM:DQ079 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate AMALTHAEA file DQ079.jpg
TYWRM:DQ080 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate GEORGE B file DQ080.jpg
TYWRM:DQ081 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate JOAN file DQ081.jpg
TYWRM:DQ082 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate FLAXSEED file DQ082.jpg
TYWRM:DQ083 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate INDIAN RUNNER file DQ083.jpg
TYWRM:DQ084 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate ELIDIR file DQ084.jpg
TYWRM:DQ085 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate LADY JOAN file DQ085.jpg
TYWRM:DQ086 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate MINSTREL PARK file DQ086.jpg
TYWRM:DQ087 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate RED DAMSEL file DQ087.jpg
TYWRM:DQ088 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate IRISH MAIL file DQ088.jpg
TYWRM:DQ089 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate COVERTCOAT file DQ089.jpg
TYWRM:DQ090 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate WILD ASTER file DQ090.jpg
TYWRM:DQ091 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate GEORGE file DQ091.jpg
TYWRM:DQ092 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate FLAXEN file DQ092.jpg
TYWRM:DQ093 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate BRASS LOCK
TYWRM:DQ094 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate DINORWIC
TYWRM:DQ095 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate PANDORA file DQ095.jpg
TYWRM:DQ096 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : nameplate CHARLIE file DQ096.jpg
TYWRM:DQ097 Dinorwic Quarries Railway works plate builder's plate 'HUNSLET 541 1891'; brass file DQ097.jpg
TYWRM:DQ098 Dinorwic Quarries Railway nameplate locomotive nameplate 'DINORWIC' file DQ098.jpg
TYWRM:DQ099 Dinorwic Quarries Railway works plate builder's plate marked 'HUNSLET ENGINE Co. 302 1882' file DQ099.jpg
TYWRM:DQ100 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chair; possibly for T-bulb section rail file DQ100.jpg
TYWRM:DQ101 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chair; possibly for T-bulb section rail file DQ101.jpg
TYWRM:DQ102 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair two cast iron chairs; S-shaped base file DQ102.jpg
TYWRM:DQ103 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chair for 50 lb/yd bullhead rail file DQ103.jpg
TYWRM:DQ104 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chair; three-hole base; from 4 ft; gauge track file DQ104.jpg
TYWRM:DQ105 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chair for bullhead rail; 1' 10 3/4" gauge track file DQ105.jpg
TYWRM:DQ106 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair two cast iron chairs; keyless pattern; for double-head rail; 1' 10 3/4" gauge file DQ106.jpg
TYWRM:DQ107 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron joint chair; combined bullhead and bar rail type for 1' 10 3/4" gauge track file DQ107.jpg
TYWRM:DQ108 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail piece of rail 3 ft long from 1' 10 3/4" gauge track file DQ108.jpg
TYWRM:DQ109 Dinorwic Quarries Railway notice enamel sign; bilingual; about Workmans Train file DQ109.jpg
TYWRM:DQ110.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chairs; for large section T-bulb rail file DQ110-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ110.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair cast iron chairs; for large section T-bulb rail file DQ110-2.jpg
TYWRM:DQ111 Dinorwic Quarries Railway track components chair; spike and fishplate from the Vivian Incline file DQ111.jpg
TYWRM:DQ112 Dinorwic Quarries Railway checks workers checks for passenger trains on Dinorwic Quarry Railway file DQ112.jpg
TYWRM:DQ114 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinorwic Quarry Railway c.1880 track display section; comprising 2no. lengths of double headed 44lb/yd rail; 2no. cast iron chairs and replica wooden sleeper file TEMP007.jpg
TYWRM:DQ115.1 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinorwic Quarry Railway guide rails for unloading ramps file DQ115-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ115.2 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinorwic Quarry Railway guide rails for unloading ramps file DQ115-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ115.3 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinorwic Quarry Railway guide rails for unloading ramps file DQ115-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ115.4 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinorwic Quarry Railway guide rails for unloading ramps file DQ115-1.jpg
TYWRM:DQ116 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail Dinowic Quarry bullhead to bar track converter file DQ116.jpg
TYWRM:DQ117 Dinorwic Quarries Railway rail chair Rail chair for bar rail from Port Dinowic file DQ117.jpg
TYWRM:DQ118 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : Padarn Railway side rod bearing file DQ118.jpg
TYWRM:DQ119 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair pair file DQ119.jpg
TYWRM:DQ120 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair pair file DQ120.jpg
TYWRM:DQ121 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair file DQ121.jpg
TYWRM:DQ122 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair file DQ122.jpg
TYWRM:DQ123 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair file DQ123.jpg
TYWRM:DQ124 Dinorwic Quarries Railway pattern wooden foundry pattern : chair file DQ124.jpg
TYWRM:DQ125 Dinorwic Quarries Railway notice Notice about the hours of blasting operations in the quarries file DQ125.jpg

Slate has been quarried at Llandeiniolen and Llanberis since about 1700, on land belonging to the Vaenol Estate, owned by the Assheton Smith family. In 1788 a “Great New Quarry” was started at Llanberis overlooking the lake. This was followed by the building of a quay at Port Dinorwic on the Menai Straits to which the slates were taken by horse drawn carts. In 1824 a railway of 1ft 10¾in gauge was laid, along which trains of wagons were pulled by horses. Eventually the production of slate outgrew this transport system.

By 1843 a new 4ft gauge line was built for 6½ miles from Gilfach Ddu along the north east side of Llyn Padarn to Penllyn and on to Penscoins. This part of the Dinorwic system was often called the Padarn Railway. The little slate wagons were brought down rope worked inclines from the quarries, then run along the 1ft 10¾in gauge mainline to Gilfach Ddu. There they were loaded on to transporter or “host” wagons, four at a time, and taken to Penscoins. Once at Penscoins they were removed from the host wagons and sent down a further rope worked incline to Port Dinorwic where they were unloaded into ships or mainline railway wagons.

Two steam locomotives Fire Queen and Jenny Lind were introduced in 1848. Fire Queen still survives in the museum at Penrhyn Castle. They were replaced during the 1880s and 1890s when the Hunslet Engine Company of Leeds supplied three six-wheeled locomotives, Dinorwic (1882), Amalthæa (1886) and Velinheli (1895) to work the slate traffic and the quarrymen’s trains.

For use in the quarry the Hunslet Engine Company supplied twenty small locomotives of 1ft 10¾in gauge between 1872 and 1932 and a further two for shunting on the quay at Port Dinorwic. Three more came from other sources. At the height of operations over 2000 slate wagons were in use at Dinorwic, on fifty miles of narrow gauge line. 15000 men were employed.

By 1961 however, falling demand for slate and lack of use of Port Dinorwic caused the Padarn railway to be closed and the equipment scrapped. The quarry worked on until the continuing decline in demand for slate led to closure of the whole undertaking in 1969. By then many of the locomotives had been disposed of for preservation, among them Rough Pup (1891) now in this museum. Three others provide the motive power for the Llanberis Lake Railway, a tourist line built in 1971 on the site of the former four foot gauge line along the shore of the lake. There is now no slate production at Llanberis. The quarry workshops survive and form the North Wales Quarrying Museum. Port Dinorwic is being redeveloped for housing. The dock is used by yachts.

 

Locomotives

Main Line Locos (4 ft gauge)

Dinorwic Hunslet Engine Co No. 302 of 1882; 0-6-0 tank. 4ft gauge. Scrapped 1961
Amalthæa Hunslet Engine Co No. 410 of 1886; 0-6-0 tank. 4ft gauge. Scrapped 1961
Velinheli Hunslet Engine Co No. 631 of 1895; 0-6-0 tank. 4ft gauge. Scrapped 1961

Quarry and Port Locos (1ft 10¾in Gauge)

Wellington De Winton & Co. of 1870; 0-4-0
Harriet De Winton & Co. of 1874; 0-4-0
Peris De Winton & Co. of 1875; 0-4-0
Victoria De Winton & Co. of 1876; 0-4-0
Padarn De Winton & Co; 0-4-0
Dinorwic (Charlie) Hunslet Engine Co. No. 51 of 1870; 0-4-0 tank.
George (Minstrel Park) Hunslet Engine Co. No. 184 of 1877; 0-4-0 tank.
Louisa Hunslet Engine Co. No. 195 of 1877; 0-4-0 tank.
Velinheli Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 409 of 1886; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
Alice (King of the Scarlets) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 492 of 1889; 0-4-0 tank.
Enid (Red Damsel/Elidir) Hunslet Engine Co “Alice” Class No. 493 of 1889; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 1 (Rough Pup) Hunslet Engine Co “Alice” Class No. 541 of 1891; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 2 (Cloister) Hunslet Engine Co “Alice” Class No. 542 of 1891; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
Vaenol (Jerry M) Hunslet Engine Co “Mills” Class No. 638 of 1895; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
Elidir (Lady Madcap) Hunslet Engine Co. No. 652 of 1896. 0-4-0 tank; Purchased from Groby Granite Co. 1896
Port Dinorwic (Cackler) Hunslet Engine Co “Mills” Class No. 671 of 1898; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
The First (Bernstein) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 678 of 1898; 0-4-0 tank.
The Second (Covertcoat) Hunslet Engine Co No. 679 of 1898; 0-4-0 tank. Survives
Wellington (George B) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 680 of 1898; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 3 (Holy War) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 779 of 1902; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 4 (Alice) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 780 of 1902; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 5 (Maid Marian) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 822 of 1903; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 6 (Irish Mail) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 823 of 1903; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 7 (Wild Aster/Thomas Bach) Hunslet Engine Co. “Alice” Class No. 849 of 1904; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
Sybil W G Bagnall No. 1760 of 1906; 0-4-0 tank.
No 1 (Lady Joan) Hunslet Engine Co. “Port” Class No. 1429 of 1922; 0-4-0 tank. Survives.
No 2 (Dolbadarn) Hunslet Engine Co. “Port” Class No. 1430 of 1922; 0-4-0 tank.
No 70 Andrew Barclay & Sons No. 1995 of 1931; 0-4-0 tank; Purchased from Raisby Hill Limestone Co. 1948
Michael Hunslet Engine Co. “Port” Class No. 1709 of 1932; 0-4-0 tank.
Elidir Avonside Locomotive Works No. 20771 of 1933; 0-4-0 tank; Purchased from the Birtley Brick Co

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